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Differences in relaxation by means of guided imagery in a healthy community sample. | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 14 July 2006

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Researchers from the Department of Health Promotion and Human Behavior at Kyoto University Graduate School of Public Health in Japan investigated differences in relaxation induced by guided imagery in healthy community samples.

One hundred forty-eight people took part in the study, with the mean age of the 50 males and 98 females 39.36 +/- 11.86 years. Saliva samples were taken to measure salivary cortisol (SC) before the first session, after the first session, and after the second session. In addition, subjects were asked to complete the short form of the Multiple Mood Scale (MMS) questionnaire before the first session and after the second session. The shortened form of Betts'' Questionnaire upon Mental Imagery (QMI) was collected once before the first session, and vividness of the imagery was measured using a visual analogue scale once after the second session.

 
Does the addition of cognitive behavioral therapy improve panic disorder treatment outcome | Print |  E-mail
Wednesday, 21 June 2006

Psychologists from UCLA compared outcomes from adding cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to medications for the treatment of panic disorder, as compared to using medications alone.

Primary-care patients with panic disorder reported on their receipt of CBT and medications over the 3 months following a baseline assessment. The degree to which outcomes for those who used anti-panic medications were enhanced by the receipt of at least one component of CBT was analyzed (using a propensity score model that took into account observable baseline patient characteristics influencing both treatment selection and outcomes.)

 
Effect of autogenic training on cardiac autonomic nervous activity in high-risk fire service workers | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 05 June 2006

A group of Japanese public health researchers from Kyoto University investigated the effects of autogenic training on firefighters with and without posttraumatic stress. Twenty-two male firefighters were in this pilot study - ten with PTSD and 12 without. They all were given autogenic training two or three times a week for two months. Heart rate variability was measured, and a Japanese language version of the IES (Impact of Events) Scale - a commonly used PTSD measure - was also used.

 
Effect of autogenic training with cognitive and symbol therapy on the treatment of headache | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 24 April 2006

Hungarian researchers find that the popular European technique of Autogenic Training is helpful in all three kinds of headache: migraine, tension, and a combination of the two.

Hungarian researchers investigated the effects of auto-suggestion, using cognitive and symbol therapy elements with auto-suggestion, on three kinds of headache (migraine, tension and combined). The assumption was that since headache is prolonged and exacerbated by depression and anxiety, and these conditions are ameliorated by autosuggestion, that this technique could be valuable for relieving headache for multiple reasons.

Twenty five female patients with migraine, tension-type headache or mixed headache participated in an eight-month follow-up study. Headache frequency, analgesic, antimigraine and anxiolytic drug consumption were measured by means of a headache diary.

 
Effect of neurofeedback training on neural substrates of selective attention in children with ADHD | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 10 April 2006

Another new study, this one using neuro-imaging out of the University of Montreal, shows that neurofeedback is very likely highly effective in helping children with attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) disorder.

Given the fact that neuroimaging studies show abnormal functioning of the anterior cingulate cortex in those with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) during tasks involving selective attention, researchers at the University of Montreal conducted a randomized, controlled pilot study to examine whether neurofeedback training (NFT) could significantly improve cognitive functioning in children with ADHD.

They devised a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study to measure the effect of NFT on the neural substrates of selective attention in children with AD/HD. Twenty AD/HD children, who were not taking any psychostimulant drugs participated to the study.

 
Neurofeedback: an alternative and efficacious treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 03 April 2006
A recent review of the research literature offers a favorable comparison of a technique called neurofeedback (or EEG biofeedback, as it is sometimes called) with drugs, for treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder..
 
Efficacy of biofeedback-based treatments for temporomandibular disorders. | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 20 March 2006
A review and meta-analysis of 14 studies of biofeedback for TMJ by researchers at Williams College show that surface electromyographic (SEMG) training of the chewing muscles is indeed efficacious in reducing this condition..
 
A meta-analysis of the efficacy of psycho- and pharmacotherapy in panic disorder | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 27 February 2006
In a meta-analysis, investigators at the University of Jena in Germany looked at the efficacy of cognitive behavioral (CBT) and pharmacological therapy for panic disorder. After a comprehensive review of the literature, the results of 124 studies were included.

CBT was found to be more effective than a no-treatment control and a placebo control. No difference of efficacy was found when using cognitive elements compared to not using them for anxiety; for associated depressive symptoms, additional cognitive elements seems superior.
 
Attempts to control unwanted thoughts in the night: development of the thought control questionnaire | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 30 January 2006
Researchers from the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Oxford’s Warneford Hospital in the UK, studied people with insomnia and "good sleepers", to see if various ways of managing unwanted thoughts affected sleep quality, anxiety and depression.

Analysis of the data revealed that with the exception of cognitive distraction, the people suffering from insomnia, relative to good sleepers, more frequently used thought control strategies. More specifically, strategies of aggressive suppression and worry appeared to be entirely unhelpful, and in fact, the use of these strategies were predictors of sleep impairment, anxiety and depression.

 
Exploring the effectiveness of meditation (MM) for patients undergoing bone marrow transplant | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 23 January 2006
Researchers at the Phyllis F. Cantor Center at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and U. Mass/Boston, interested in exploring the potential effectiveness of mindfulness meditation (MM) for patients undergoing bone marrow transplant, took an unusual first step. They conducted a series of guided interviews with nineteen patients undergoing stem cell/autologous bone marrow transplant (SC/ABMT).

Audiotapes of these interview sessions were then transcribed and used to create a a QRS NVivo software program to manage the data from the interview questions. Responses about what the participants liked and disliked and their suggestions for improving the effectiveness of the MM intervention were identified and grouped.

 
Effects on static balance and attentional demands of the elderly. | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 09 January 2006

Researchers at the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa in Ontario, Canada, find in a pilot study with 20 elderly subjects that 6 weeks of imagery training improves postural stability..

Researchers at the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa in Ontario, Canada, studied the effectiveness of imagery on improving static balance in the elderly. This study evaluated the efficiency of a guided imagery protocol, aimed at improving static balance by reducing postural oscillations and attentional demands in 20 subjects, aged 65-90 years old.

Subjects were divided into 2 groups - 12 in the intervention group and 8 in the control group. The imagery group underwent daily training for a period of 6 weeks. Measurements were taken of postural oscillations – front to back and side to side - as well as reaction times during a double-task assignment. In addition, they were assessed by the Berg Balance Scale, Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, and VMIQ questionnaire, both pre- and post intervention.

 
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