A review and meta-analysis of 14 studies of biofeedback for TMJ by researchers at Williams College show that surface electromyographic (SEMG) training of the chewing muscles is indeed efficacious in reducing this condition..
In a meta-analysis, investigators at the University of Jena in
Germany looked at the efficacy of cognitive behavioral (CBT) and
pharmacological therapy for panic disorder. After a comprehensive
review of the literature, the results of 124 studies were included.
CBT was found to be more effective than a no-treatment control and a
placebo control. No difference of efficacy was found when using
cognitive elements compared to not using them for anxiety; for
associated depressive symptoms, additional cognitive elements seems
Researchers from the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Oxford’s Warneford Hospital
in the UK, studied people with insomnia and "good sleepers", to see if
various ways of managing unwanted thoughts affected sleep quality,
anxiety and depression.
Analysis of the data revealed that with the exception of cognitive
distraction, the people suffering from insomnia, relative to good
sleepers, more frequently used thought control strategies. More
specifically, strategies of aggressive suppression and worry appeared
to be entirely unhelpful, and in fact, the use of these strategies were
predictors of sleep impairment, anxiety and depression.
Researchers at the Phyllis F. Cantor Center at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
and U. Mass/Boston, interested in exploring the potential effectiveness
of mindfulness meditation (MM) for patients undergoing bone marrow
transplant, took an unusual first step. They conducted a series of
guided interviews with nineteen patients undergoing stem
cell/autologous bone marrow transplant (SC/ABMT).
Audiotapes of these interview sessions were then transcribed and used
to create a a QRS NVivo software program to manage the data from the
interview questions. Responses about what the participants liked and
disliked and their suggestions for improving the effectiveness of the
MM intervention were identified and grouped.
Researchers at the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa in Ontario, Canada, find in a pilot study with 20 elderly subjects that 6 weeks of imagery training improves postural stability..
Researchers at the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa
in Ontario, Canada, studied the effectiveness of imagery on improving
static balance in the elderly. This study evaluated the efficiency of a
guided imagery protocol, aimed at improving static balance by reducing
postural oscillations and attentional demands in 20 subjects, aged
65-90 years old.
Subjects were divided into 2 groups - 12 in the intervention group and
8 in the control group. The imagery group underwent daily training for
a period of 6 weeks. Measurements were taken of postural oscillations –
front to back and side to side - as well as reaction times during a
double-task assignment. In addition, they were assessed by the Berg
Balance Scale, Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale, and VMIQ
questionnaire, both pre- and post intervention.
Researchers at the Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences in Uttaranchal, India find in a randomized, controlled trial that biofeedback-assisted diaphramgmatic breathing plus systematic relaxation yields greater longterm benefits for migraine sufferers than propanalol..
Researchers at the Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences in
Uttaranchal, India, evaluated the effectiveness of biofeedback assisted
diaphragmatic breathing and systematic relaxation for those suffering
from migraine. They also compared the longterm benefits of these
techniques with those of propranolol.
There were 192 migraine patients who were randomly distributed into two
groups. The propranolol group received propranolol 80 mg/day while the
biofeedback group received electromyogram (EMG) and temperature
biofeedback assisted diaphragmatic breathing and systematic relaxation
training, accompanied by home practice for 6 months.
A study out of the University of Queensland in Australia measures the longterm effects of cognitive behavioral therapy on panic disorder, and finds in the subsample available for follow-up that after 6-8 years, it’s still working.
Researchers from the Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine, at the University of Queensland’s School of Medicine in Herston, Australia, recently wrote up a long-term (6-8 years) follow-up of patients who suffered from panic disorder who underwent a course of treatment with cogntive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Researchers from the University of Minnesota enrolled 20
solid-organ transplant recipients in an 8-week course of
mindfulness-based stress reduction training and a gentle form of hatha
yoga. Subjects were also given audiotapes for home practice and
maintained practice diaries to track their participation.
At 6 months data was analyzed for impact on symptom management, illness
intrusion and transplant-related stressors. Significant improvements
were found in the quality and duration of sleep, and on self-reported
measures of anxiety and depression.
A new meta-analysis and review of the research literature on EEG biofeedback’s effect on the symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) shows that this method has been helpful in 75% of the cases.
Analysts from the FPI Attention Disorders Clinic in Endicott, New York published a meta-analysis and review of the literature to see if EEG biofeedback can help reduce core symptoms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder).
During the past three decades, a series of case and controlled group studies examining the effects of EEG biofeedback have reported improved attention and behavioral control, increased cortical activation on quantitative electro-encephalographic examination, and gains on tests of intelligence and academic achievement in response to this type of treatment.
A pilot study at Virtual Reality Medical Center comparing the effectiveness of Virtual Reality exposure therapy to systematic desensitization with imaginal exposure therapy for treating flying phobia, shows VR wins hands down.
A randomized, controlled, pilot study at the Virtual Reality Medical Center in San Diego, compared the efficacy of virtual reality graded exposure therapy (VRGET) with imaginal exposure therapy for the treatment of fear of flying.
Thirty participants (mean age = 39.8 +/- 9.7) with a confirmed diagnosis of specific phobia fear of flying were randomly assigned to one of three groups: VRGET with no physiological feedback (VRGETno), VRGET with physiological feedback (VRGETpm), or systematic desensitization with imaginal exposure therapy (IET).
Researchers from The College of Pharmacy and School of Nursing at The University of Minnesota evaluated
the potential of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) to reduce
symptoms of depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance and improved
quality of life after solid organ transplantation.
Subjects consisted of 20 kidney, lung, or pancreas transplant
recipients, aged 35 to 59 years, living in the community who
participated in an MBSR class (2.5 hours weekly, for 8 weeks, plus home
practice for 45 minutes, 5 days weekly), modeled after the program of
Jon Kabat-Zinn. The outcome measures used were self-report scales for
depression (CES-D), anxiety (STAI-Y1), and sleep dysfunction (PSQI).