Hot Research
Efficacy of biofeedback for migraine: a meta-analysis. | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 06 April 2007

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Investigators from Philipps-University of Marburg in Germany did a meta-analysis of the efficacy of biofeedback (BFB) in treating migraine. A computerized literature search of the databases Medline, PsycInfo, Psyndex and the Cochrane library, enhanced by a hand search, identified 86 outcome studies, of which 55 studies met the inclusion criteria.

The impact of foot massage and guided relaxation following cardiac surgery | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 23 February 2007

Researchers at the Institute of Nursing and Midwifery at the University of Brighton in the UK investigated the impact of foot massage and guided relaxation on the well-being of patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.

There was a significant effect of the intervention on the calm scores (ANOVA, P=0.014), mostly due to the massage, although to a lesser extent due to the imagery. Dunnett''s multiple comparison showed that this was attributable to increased calm among the massage group. There was also a clear but non-significant trend across all psychological variables for both foot massage and, to a lesser extent, guided relaxation, for improving psychological well-being. Both interventions were well received by the subjects.

Effective anxiety treatment prior to diagnostic cardiac catheterization. | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 16 February 2007
Researchers from Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton reviewed the literature to see which complementary therapies can effectively reduce anxiety before diagnostic cardiac catheterization. The article cites music therapy, massage, guided imagery, therapeutic touch and stress management instruction as modalities that have been used successfully to decrease patient anxiety prior to diagnostic cardiac catheterization, providing better patient outcomes.
Relaxation: molecular and physiological significance. | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 02 February 2007
Researchers at the Neuroscience Research Institute, State University of New York College at Old Westbury, examined the molecular process involved with relaxation. Central to their hypothesis was the significance of norepinephrine, nitric oxide, dopamine and morphine, signaling both in the central and the peripheral nervous system.

This team established that nitric oxide and morphine control catecholamine processes on many levels, including synthesis, release and actions. As a result, they concluded that there existed enough scientific information to support these phenomena as actual physical processes that can be harnessed to provide better patient care.
The experience of transcendental meditation in middle school students | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 26 January 2007
Researchers from the University of Michiganís Department of Integrative Medicine examined whether practicing Transcendental Meditation (TM) offered beneficial outcomes to seventh graders. Ten middle school students were taught to practice TM for a one-year period, and then were interviewed in a semi-structured qualitative way to determine benefits.

Students described (1) an increasing state of restful alertness; (2) improvement in emotional intelligence skills (self-control, self-reflection/awareness, and flexibility in emotional response); and (3) improvement in academic performance.
An evaluation of two behavioral rehabilitation programs, qigong versus progressive relaxation, in im | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 12 January 2007
Researchers at United Christian Hospital in Hong Kong compared the effects of progressive relaxation with Qigong on improving the quality of life in cardiac rehab patients.

A total of 65 subjects, with a mean age of 65 (range, 42 to 76), were recruited for the study. Their cardiac diseases included myocardial infarct, post-coronary intervention, valve replacement, and ischemic heart disease. Patients were alternately allocated to two groups: the first group of patients received instructions and practiced progressive relaxation. The second group underwent training in qigong. A total of eight sessions were conducted, each session lasting 20 minutes.
Integration of motor imagery and physical practice more effective for subjects with Parkinsons | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 22 December 2006

Researchers from Meir General Hospital in Kfar Saba, Israel, investigated the efficacy of motor imagery practice for the treatment of Parkinsonís disease symptoms.

Of 23 patients with idiopathic PD, an experimental group of 12 was treated with both imagery and physical practice, and a control group received physical exercises alone.

Exercises for both groups were applied during 1-hour sessions held twice a week for 12 weeks. Comparable motor tasks provided to both groups included callisthenic exercises, functional tasks, and relaxation exercises.

Mindfulness meditation for oncology patients: a discussion and critical review. | Print |  E-mail
Monday, 20 November 2006

Researchers from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston reviewed the impact of mindfulness meditation on cancer patients. A literature search produced 9 research articles published in the past 5 years, and 5 conference abstracts published in 2004. Most studies were conducted with breast and prostate cancer patients, and the mindfulness intervention was done in a clinic-based group setting.

The search revealed consistent benefits--improved psychological functioning, reduction of stress symptoms, enhanced coping and improved sense of well-being in cancer outpatients.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for severe and recurrent bipolar disorders: randomised trials | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 03 November 2006

Researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry in London, UK compared the effectiveness of treatment as usual with an additional 22 sessions of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) in 253 individuals with bipolar disorders, to see if recurrence rates of major mood episodes could be reduced. . Patients were assessed every 8 weeks for 18 months.

Mindfulness meditation and substance use in an incarcerated population. | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 20 October 2006
A new study at the Addictive Behaviors Research Center at the University of Washington in Seattle, explored whether Vipassana meditation (VM), a Buddhist mindfulness-based practice, can provide an alternative for individuals who find traditional addiction treatments incompatible or unattractive. The investigators evaluated the effectiveness of a VM course on substance use and psychosocial outcomes in an incarcerated population.
A pilot study of a yoga meditation protocol for patients with medically refractory epilepsy. | Print |  E-mail
Friday, 13 October 2006
The R. Madhavan Nayar Center for Comprehensive Epilepsy Care at Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology in Kerala, India, assessed the efficacy of a yoga meditation protocol (YMP) as an adjunctive treatment in patients with drug-resistant chronic epilepsy. The yoga intervention consisted of a YMP 20 minutes twice daily (mornings and evenings) at home, and supervised sessions of a YMP every week for 3 months. Continuation of the YMP beyond 3 months was optional.
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